No. 23FS-Rubber Fin
This rubber projectile is not quite 2 inches in length and is 12-gauge in
diameter. It weighs 0.2 ounces and has a maximum range of 250 feet when fired
from a 12-gauge shotgun. The stabilizing fin makes it more accurate, although if
it bounces off a hard surface, it can tumble or spin, making its' trajectory and
effect largely unpredictable.
This round is effective for the dispersion of crowds, the disbursement of
individuals in crowd control or civil disturbance situations. It can be
effective against subjects who offer violent resistance.
When striking an individual, its relatively low velocity, large surface area,
and rubber composition make it less likely to penetrate. Its effects are
primarily to stun the individual and cause sufficient pain to cause them to
withdraw or discontinue their violent resistance.
At the extreme effective range of 100 feet, the effects on the individual may
be nearly trivial. At closer range, bruising can be seen. Rib fractures are
possible if the chest is struck. At extremely close ranges of less than 20 feet,
the projectile may penetrate the body, leading to fatal wounds.
The effects of this projectile striking the head are variable, but can be
fatal, just like any violent blow to the head.
Information on Non-lethal Weapons
More Information on Operational Safety
From Operational Medicine 2001:
Health Care in Military Settings
CAPT Michael John Hughey, MC, USNR
January 1, 2001
Bureau of Medicine and
Department of the Navy,
2300 E Street NW,
United States Special Operations Command,
7701 Tampa Point Blvd.,
MacDill AFB, Florida,
Textbooks and Manuals
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