Pocket Guide to Malaria Prevention and Control


The threat to health and readiness of sailors and Marines posed by malaria stimulated the creation of the Malaria “Blue Book” in 1984.

Prevention and treatment of malaria is more complex due to the emergence of drug resistance, pesticide resistant mosquito vectors, and large populations of infected people in many areas of the world.

The World Health Organization estimates that two billion people are at risk for malaria infection. Each year, malaria causes more than 300 million clinical cases and over two million deaths. In 1995, children under the age of five accounted for 800,000 of those deaths. The direct and indirect costs associated with malaria infections are enormous; costs were over 1.8 billion dollars in 1995 in Africa alone.

Malaria strikes during war, during deteriorating social and economic conditions, and after natural disasters; all situations where the military is called to serve. Deployed forces cannot afford loss of personnel or depletion of resources for cure and convalescence.

Protecting and improving the health of airmen, soldiers, sailors, and Marines while serving in such operations requires thorough understanding of the prevention and treatment of malaria. This “Malaria Pocket Guide” includes information to help service personnel:

  • Understand the transmission and life cycle of malaria parasites.

  • Prevent malaria.

  • Diagnose and treat malaria.

  • Persuade commanders to enforce malaria preventive measures.




  1. Malaria: Disease, Life Cycle, Distribution

  2. Prevention.

    1. Personal Protective Measures

    2. Chemoprophylaxis

    3. Unit Protective Measures

  3. Diagnosis

  4. Treatment

  5. Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

  6. Military Malaria Control Responsibilities


  1. Information & Intelligence Sources; Consultants

  2. Mosquito Vectors and Identification

  3. Laboratory Diagnostic Techniques

  4. Antimalarial Medications

  5. Supplies and Training Aids .

  6. Glossary



Naval Environmental Health Center
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
US Navy

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This website is dedicated to the development and dissemination of medical information that may be useful to those who practice Operational Medicine. This website is privately-held and not connected to any governmental agency. The views expressed here are those of the authors, and unless otherwise noted, do not necessarily reflect the views of the Brookside Associates, Ltd., any governmental or private organizations. All writings, discussions, and publications on this website are unclassified.

© 2006 Medical Education Division, Brookside Associates, Ltd. All rights reserved


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