grenades are small bombs, containing explosives or chemicals, that can be
thrown or rigged as booby traps.
They are used at
short range and the effective casualty radius is relatively small. The
built-in, delayed fuse delay allows you to safely throw it and seek cover
before it explodes.
There are four basic
types of hand grenades, Fragmentation, Illumination, Chemical, and
The "Safety Pin" holds
the "Safety Lever" in place. Unless you hold the "Safety Lever" down
with your hand, removal of the "Safety Pin" allows the "Safety Lever"
to spring away from body of the grenade. This action starts the fuse
(varying from a few seconds to no seconds) which then sets off the
Throw a Grenade:
Hold the grenade in your
throwing arm, making sure the "Safety Lever" is held securely to the
side of the grenade.
Using the "Pull Ring," remove
the safety pin.
Keeping your eyes on the
target, throw the grenade, using an overhand throw. As soon as the
grenade is released, the "Safety Lever" will fly off, igniting the fuse.
Duck down behind cover and
await detonation. If there is no cover, fall to the ground with your
helmet toward the grenade.
To Secure a Grenade:
Be very careful in removing
grenades from clothing, pouches, or web gear. "Safety Pins" are
relatively firmly attached to the grenade at the factory, but may have
been tampered with. If the "Pull Ring" gets snagged on clothing as you
remove the grenade, and if you don't hold onto the "Safety Lever," the
fuse will be ignited and within a few seconds, the grenade will explode.
Grasp the grenade, making sure
to hold down the "Safety Lever."
Watching the "Pull Ring," ease
the grenade out of patient's pocket, or web gear.
Wrap a strip of adhesive tape
completely around the grenade, so that the "Pull Ring" and "Safety
Lever" are firmly bound to the body of the grenade.
Set the grenade down in a safe
Avoid Injury from a Grenade that Lands Near You:
Yell out very loudly: "GRENADE!"
This will help prevent injury to your friends.
Duck down beneath any kind of
cover that makes sense. Ducking behind a tent flap won't help. Ducking
behind a packing crate, desk, rock or any other substantial structure
will help a lot.
If there is no cover, drop to
the ground, remaining as flat as possible and giving the grenade as
small a target as possible.
If you are in a slit trench or
fortified bunker, you may find that there is "grenade sump" located at
the bottom of the trench. The idea here is that when a grenade comes in,
you can quickly kick the grenade into the sump. When it explodes, the
force of the explosion will be directed straight up, sparing the
occupants of the trench any injury. You may as well try it, as you have
little to lose.
Whatever you decide to do, do
it quickly as you only have 0-3 seconds before the grenade will
If you are in the middle of a
fight and you are wounded by a grenade, keep fighting, as that
gives you and your friends the best chance of survival.
Things to Know about Specific
M67 Fragmentation Grenade:
M61 Fragmentation Grenade
M15 White Phosphorous Grenade
AN-M8 HC Smoke Grenade
M18 Colored Smoke Grenade
the ABC-M7A3 Riot Control Hand Grenades
ABC-M25A2 Riot Control
AN-M14 TH3 Incendiary Hand
Offensive Hand Grenade (Concussion Grenade)
M69 Practice Grenade