Operational Medicine Medical Education and Training

M9 9mm Automatic Pistol Training

This video was produced by the US Army as an instructional aid, demonstrating the safe use of the M9 9mm Automatic Pistol. The video may be helpful to those using firearms in their work, or those who may encounter firearms and need the knowledge of safe handling of these weapons.

The video may be freely downloaded.
Video Runtime 19:12
14 MB wmv
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Helpful Tips in Firing this Weapon:

  • While the9 mm projectile can travel up to a mile, the nature of the weapon makes it effective only at very close range. Unless you are highly practiced with this pistol, you are not likely to hit your target if it is more than 25 feet from you.

  • Aim for the center of the torso. You are least likely to miss this area. 

  • Use two hands to hold the pistol. You will shoot more accurately.

  • Two shots in quick succession (1/2 to 1 second apart) are more likely to stop your target than a single shot. While the 9 mm round can certainly be lethal if it hits the right spot, it is a relatively small, lightweight, low speed projectile with only limited stopping power. Particularly when trying to stop an adrenalin-charged, highly-motivated individual, multiple hits from your 9 mm pistol may be required. However, emptying a full magazine into your target is also unwise, as it may leave you with no ammunition to take on his three angry friends.

  • When defending against multiple targets, try to stop the most threatening target first. Usually that is the target closest to you. However, someone with an automatic weapon or shotgun is more dangerous to you and your patients than someone with a pistol. Likewise, someone with a rifle is more dangerous than someone with a pistol.

  • Take advantage of any cover you may have. Crouching behind a rock or packing crate is much better than standing out in the open. If you are caught out in the open, quickly make a decision to either go to the ground, or to run to cover. If you go to ground, keep moving (rolling, crawling), to decrease the chance of your being wounded.

  • Should you become wounded, keep shooting. The best defense against incoming fire is to return fire, wounded or not.

  • Should the weapon fail to fire, use the "Slap, Rack, and Bang" technique: 

    • Slap the base of the Grip to more firmly seat the magazine. 

    • Rack the slide backward and release, ejecting the old cartridge and bringing a fresh cartridge into the chamber.

    • Bang goes the pistol when you pull the trigger again.

For further information on the M9 9 Millimeter Semi-Automatic Pistol, read:

M9 Service Pistol Familiarization

FM 21-75: Combat Skills of the Soldier

Emergency War Surgery NATO Handbook: Part I: Types of Wounds and Injuries: Chapter II: Missile-Caused Wounds: Projectiles

From Operational Medicine 2001





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